All of the tea varieties and tea blends in the world have their origins in the Camellia sinensis plant. For more information about the background of tea varieties, visit the page on types of tea.
Assam: A quality black tea from the Assam district of India where the British first cultivated teas in India.
Bancha: A Japanese green tea with a low caffeine content and a weaker taste than other green teas.
Ceylon: The former name for what is today the country of Sri Lanka. Many of the black teas from this country have this word in their name.
Darjeeling: A black tea from the Darjeeling region of India which is located in the foothills of the Himalayas. This tea is considered to be the best in the world by some tea connoisseurs.
Earl Grey: A blend of black teas flavored with oil of bergamot, a citrus fruit similar to an orange. This tea was reportedly given to the British Prime Minister, the second Earl Grey, as a diplomatic gift fromChina during the early 19th century.
English Breakfast: A brisk blend of Ceylon, African, and Indian teas designed to complement greasy, fried breakfast foods like eggs and bacon.
Herbal Teas: Also referred to as tisanes, herbal teas are not truly teas because they are not produced with tea leaves from the Camellia sinensis plant but rather dried fruits, berries, flowers, roots, herbs, and leaves from plants other than the tea bush.
Irish Breakfast: A blend of mostlyAssam teas designed to have a strong flavor, pleasing to the traditional Irish taste.
Formosa Great Oolong: A tea fromTaiwan (formerly known as Formosa) that is thought to be best oolong by some.
Gunpowder: A high-quality Chinese green tea that is tightly rolled into pellets that are said to resemble gunpowder.
Keemun: A Chinese black tea with a hint of an orchid fragrance and a fruity taste.
Lapsang Souchong: A Chinese black tea with a distinctive smoky flavor and aroma.
Masala Chai: This translates literally to “spiced tea.” It is a black tea, usually Assam, brewed with Indian herbs and spices.
Nilgiri: An Indian black tea that mostly used for blending.
Orange Pekoe: A blend of Ceylon tea leaves (orange does not refer to the fruit). This term is also used for a quality grade of tea leaf.
Pouchong: A popular Chinese oolong tea that is now also produced inTaiwan.
Russian Caravan: A blend of Chinese black or oolong teas inspired by 18th century trade between China and Russia.
Tencha: A high-quality Japanese green tea that is used in tea ceremonies.
Yunnan: A popular black tea from western China.